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solo taxonomy explained

The challenge for Craig and anyone else who wants teachers to adopt SOLO is as follows: 1. A little late to the party but just starting to introduce SOLO in HS PE classes.Thanks for the great resource for introducing this concept. The three key domains; Cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective. It is simple and to the point, easy to use GREAT . h�b```f``�d`e`�=� Ā B@16� �� !���Б|��CG#�F� ~ .Ɍ��؟�W`��(���� x�!�P��7�Y�A�a]r����1�k�Ja@�2\L�%����z��=���A�^WU��҈�+�� To explain how “a deep understanding of the SOLO Taxonomy” will “greatly increase” students’ learning. 0 136 0 obj <> endobj We use Whether I’m right or wrong about any of this is moot. It describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process. SOLO, which stands for the S tructure of the O bserved L earning O utcome, is a means of classifying learning outcomes in terms of their complexity, enabling us to assess students’ work in terms of its quality not of how many bits of this and of that they have got right. The next two levels, unistructural and multistructural are … �Tc������9F6,�:x6DŽP�\�F���\b���"K�Z�����6�PKș�0cʟp6�;�^dE~��l�'�b��u�?t Qј1C�KąJx;T�vE��!�B��q��9|+��83��d�UN�����ٮ�.0gb�Z�u*��чt��Ay:X�]�9*�t��G�m9R���)�=,�`�P��c�C�D�u�VB�d�Jejh�*3o���2�t��J1� v&˾��5��Bki'�a�Z���2;tM1,�5�ت Thank you for sharing this resource. What is SOLO Taxonomy? SOLO Taxonomy with Strategies That Work It may come as no surprise that I’ve taken to describing high-effect size instructional strategies (HESIS) as “Strategies That Work.” In fact, you can find two online courses that capture this understanding, along with a chart. (1992) explained the structure of the SOLO taxonomy as consisting as a series of cycles (especially between the Unistructural, Multistructural and Relational levels), which would allow for a development of breadth of knowledge as well as depth. SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a simple, reliable and robust model for three levels of understanding – surface deep and conceptual (Biggs and Collis 1982). It’s all about increasing the levels of complexity in tasks as pupils move through their learning. 168 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6A7E5FFD1A672495F19D09D22FE26973><89A7EE0D2782F3459D155FDCA405D941>]/Index[136 59]/Info 135 0 R/Length 136/Prev 354790/Root 137 0 R/Size 195/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream SOLO Taxonomy. Tags:deeper learning, education, lesson resource, Solo Taxonomy, thinking and learning skills. The SOLO Taxonomy is a taxonomy that classifies how students' thinking levels fall into five categories: pre-structural, uni structural, multi structural, relational, and extended abstract levels [10] [11]. The SOLO Master Class is designed for educators who have previously attended the ‘SOLO Taxonomy in the Classroom’ workshop. Cheers. Finally there is a diagram that visually explains the concept. SOLO Taxonomy in Mathematics . �i����(���̫#�7*%�q`�b����4X���4#� qk�7�� � �� This really help to incorporate blooms into lessons but gives a simple structure as well, Hi, This looks great, nice to see some of my resources being used!! O0WBӤX�`8��ʐ6���'U5I��ad�:�ۆ�d�N.�P�4�x��Θ��]אk9>Ģ�LQ%�p�@5g� Qpw� @��ܧ�P�r�}Y)���:� bh],�g��"_L��|�5� E>�A�>+�B����� ��)� �� SOLO Taxonomy is a systematic way of describing how a learner’s understanding develops from simple to complex when learning different subjects or tasks. The rubric used to assess your ePortfolio is based on the SOLO taxonomy. Learning outcomes are statements that indicate what students will know, value or be able to do by the end of the course. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. the SOLO Taxonomy What is a Learning Outcome? At the prestructural level of understanding, the task is inappropriately attacked, and the student has missed the point or needs help to start. )r)�b��p9;�3g�\���&�����j�� M73J���&~�g�Hb���&��Y���Hr�+��a�!����{6�pR1�̥���,^������(��0��#����,� �گ Introduction to the SOLO taxonomy Introduction to the SOLO taxonomy. . The SOLO stands for: Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes Alternative to Bloom’s Taxonomy �=u�p��DH�u��kդ�9pR��C��}�F�:`����g�K��y���Q0=&���KX� �pr ֙��ͬ#�,�%���1@�2���K� �'�d���2� ?>3ӯ1~�>� ������Eǫ�x���d��>;X\�6H�O���w~� Criteria for each level based on SOLO taxonomy can be seen in Table 1 [17] [18]. The structure of observed learning outcomes taxonomy (SOLO taxonomy) is a tool for measuring how well a student understands a topic. It was proposed by academics Biggs and Collis (1982) after classifying student’s thinking across a range of ages and a range of subjects. ІYɉ�}�o#ݽq������`@ See more ideas about solo taxonomy, taxonomy, solo. There are5 stages, namely Pre-structural, Uni-structural, Multi-structural which are in a quantitative phrase and Relational and Extended Abstract which are in a qualitative phrase. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. However, Campbell et al. Pedagogy Focus: Teaching styles Opinion: How to develop habits of creative thinking Students begin at the pre-structural level, where understanding is simple or non-existent, and move to a point called the “extended abstract”, where learning is creative an… %%EOF This guide will explain: Bloom’s six levels of thinking. Here are a selection of resource cards that can be used during a fitness circuit…, These resources can be used within a lesson or an extra curricular club as part…, Here are a number of Dance resource cards that can be used within lessons or…, {"cart_token":"","hash":"","cart_data":""}. The first resource is a lesson resource that can be used to develop deeper thinking and learning skills. A much less known taxonomy of assessing student learning is SOLO, which was created by John Biggs and Kevin Collis in 1982. What is Solo taxonomy? The presentation outlines what Solo Taxonomy is and breaks down the concept in teacher friendly language. SOLO verbs In a learning objective, the verb describes at what level the student is expected to be able to reflect on a given topic. ��^����/"%�� d��J���ã-�e2�ֈ`�Ya���gRf�`V�H����3Ե�2�od�c���V�Fش��⤈szN3�$�4х�i�-�G�DK�P�p�M�4�7�ʱE��)ⵀ��X�WG2(��J͜�n�Uޅ���|v���� ��`��;IW�����N���n붸��� �]����e��������!ASl�� ����7�������^W����X/���^��=��/�y�*��c9��$��KX��� �z��Vp��A4��r ̴�"C��F��X�BRk(* K�QK�i(����(�>�#�aU͕v�&Pu��ʞ}1�o��t -��Z�]2l?F���G!��5���`���ET�qs�~��U�����]���q���q�w��mT�p�"G�!8(�)�����(�:sQ̥���F�@t���@+}Y����o��_B��ů5� Mp�8� Ɣ�: �5�L�f=e��Z��EIhCF�,XE\� This will be very useful. Dec 11, 2019 - Stories about the classroom based use of SOLO Taxonomy http://pamhook.com/ . CONSIDERATIONS APPLYING SOLO TAXONOMY � It was developed by the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus, who lived during the 18th Century, and his system of classification is still used today. endstream endobj 142 0 obj <>stream Solo stands for "structure of the observed learning outcome". Biggs’ Solo (Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome) Taxonomy is a systematic way of describing how a learner’s performance develops from simple to complex levels in their learning. Below is a list of verbs that you can use when creating learning objectives. It is widely used for designing curriculum outcomes and assessment tasks that get progressively more difficult as students move through their education. SOLO, which stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome, is a means of classifying learning outcomes in terms of their complexity, enabling us to assess students’ work in terms of its quality not of how many bits of this and of that they have got right. Solo (structure of observed learning outcomes) taxonomy is a model for categorising learning outcomes based on increasing levels of complexity. It is an approach designed by educational psychologists John Biggs and Kevin Collis to scaffold higher-order thinking for pupils. h�TP�n� �� An excellent starting point to explore this topic, thanks. The first resource is a lesson resource that can be used to develop deeper thinking and learning skills. endstream endobj 143 0 obj <>stream -�\U�b��'��-8$pybd���v��+���&�r'����C!f?G�)���S�dC���LY.z�ͮ�.Q����fqE�UU*���ī�,�lM�@��@ֵ��z�\� �,e8ȑ�E�ֈ�+�\Φ,A��D}yy-Ef������X8I\����\U3�b����eW���Y\ h�TP�n� �y It was proposed by John B. Biggs and K. Collis and has since gained popularity. It was proposed by John B. Biggs and Kevin F. Collis.. Taxonomy is the branch of biology that classifies all living things. SOLO Taxonomy At Maramba Primary School, we understand that learning is developmental and continuous.We ensure our students deepen and extend the quality of their knowledge and skills using the SOLO Taxonomy (Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes – developed through the research of John Biggs and Kevin Collis.) Already a member? ���. Tabel 1. pw�� ��e I am thinking of running a CPD session on solo and this resource will help enormously. 4��.��� ^� ���P��PR�˳W@�0I�p�$S9L'C9��r���FA� [�BFQ�0T)3�� Introduction to the SOLO Taxonomy "The SOLO taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students’ thinking and understanding. The burden of proof is with the person making the claims. More on this: What is Bloom's taxonomy? “Solo Taxonomy – What is it and how do you use it?”. Linnaeus invented binomial nomenclature, the system of giving each type of organism a genus and species name. SOLO Taxonomy. If you want more I have just written a book with Pam Hook https://amzn.to/2BXinzh. SOLO has advantages over Bloom's cognitive taxonomy (Bloom 1965), the traditional taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences. Jul 18, 2019 - Explore Rachael Klahn's board "SOLO Taxonomy" on Pinterest. The SOLO (Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome) taxonomy illustrated in figure 1 (originally Biggs & Collis, 1982) can be used to categorise student responses to open-ended questions. It identifies five levels of learning, which increase in skill at each stage. SOLO Taxonomy click to view a bigger version As learning progresses it becomes more complex. �Jy R�%�dt6G�3D�H�� 2�DZ�����rwA�=e��;����20"�?Ӭ ��� 2. Uni structural –A student knows one relevant idea/ can do the skill if directed. Pre structural –A student knows nothing about a topic/ can do the skill if someone helps them. endstream endobj startxref Bloom’s taxonomy has evolved significantly over the decades and offers a number of positive benefits for both learners and educators. “SOLO Taxonomy provides asimple and robust way ofdescribing how learningoutcomes grow in complexityfrom surface to deepunderstanding”Biggs & Collis 1982 8. SOLO is a theory about teaching and learningbased on research on student learning rather than a theory about knowledge based on the judgements of educational administrators (Biggs and Tang 2007, p. 80). ��:@H�.R�u��5iw>pR��C��}�F�:`tg�}6��O�w �3`��yK����g硑`�I��,:��a_.��t��9�&��f�;q��,��sf���gf�-�o\�'�X��^��GYqs�ר ��3B'�hU��� ���g�Wu�̗&vV�G��!�h2�ڣ�t)���F� �3T[Ő�x^*�Xf��~ Jm* This is "Solo Taxonomy Explained video" by Montagu Academy on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. As learning progresses it becomes more complex. See more ideas about solo taxonomy, taxonomy, solo. The SOLO taxonomy is an altertive model to Bloom's Taxonomy. endstream endobj 137 0 obj <> endobj 138 0 obj <> endobj 139 0 obj <>stream It also provides examples of how it can be used within lessons. The second resource is a presentation that I gave at a TeachMeet held at my school. ���=Z�o(�,�"+M ǐ�"g�,��J��t!�–g��IOY3��!�������i�p�5�z�l���p�b����cl4�=븚0S�v��w~�������_�n�����A��~mf���Y��`9�oo9��t-E�HWwH�����.��w����? %PDF-1.5 %���� ���y&U��|ibG�x���V�&��ݫJ����ʬD�p=C�U9�ǥb�evy�G� �m& ̈R#fá��J�eJ%��*uze�͊R�J��%4n�& zX���*w�zK�OBy��%CTq�7F��woRj�@�p]��1'!����G)�\PZ�\g �/ �(pt��p��������屗qC���Y��jf� ��S��[ He also developed a classification system called the taxonomic hierarchy, which today has eight ranks from … This resource is designed to explain what solo taxonomy is and how to use it within lessons. �qP 1�Q��� =a�����xH��8=�1�3\�(a[�k �x�@��1U� �����n�u��1� H��W�n�F}�W�q D�_��E�E�iyp��H��F�V���7�ŝ�. While the SOLO taxonomy can help identify levels of progression with learning, Biggs (1999) also identifies characteristics of students that signal whether they are adopting a deep or surface level approach to learning. �b�bv��W��F�~�M�.f�$����}�z��+&���tؼb��I�i�/ԓGq��gO&���d���8�����l�)/1�9O��&����=L��==�h�4tYdFRh�� �Y��=��g��n\Ź����Q�4s����~~ٸz?���8/���ḟ���mdI��F���'��^�x�,����(-m%��Ũ���K��I��g�*��i���oCR������ûF���Q�%(&����Iwx�%��Q/�np7��^6ή�Q2;���F%��\�t��~W�8K;H��#�m�����l+n;�gE���A�X�����P�����Y�l�>�)1�n����nϣIϘX6�����!��:�\2k ��3K�#v�>N�E�;Z�B_�5�����5t[N�b>�(Ɠ����gR�|��/�d�-s���筙~��薏��t�Sq�=nE�����U���M\n��.JWU��U�K�yY�J�蔰�3�I SOLO Taxonomy in the Classroom aims to provide schools with further tools, ideas and practical strategies to help teachers plan and implement the SOLO taxonomy in their classrooms. Please sign in to view downloads. 194 0 obj <>stream The structure of observed learning outcomes (SOLO) taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in student's understanding of subjects. h�TP=o� ��[u��S�t�[2�w���9pR��C������{���͏��u6���F�3��_H#�p����qC%�I�Iܭsĩu���a���s����I?�A�nL�K����n �'tH Ə�*|� ��ٯ�.��f{�sPI��B���g���6�oEl�!�&��$Y�nU�K�pw��d����ʆ���R��` N�m� endstream endobj 141 0 obj <>stream h��XYoI�+�+"�w�H�%aw�X�]GB�`"��>_us؀�8 }wS�U¦�3�8�ƣL:�V2��U�x�V3�R����Ɩ �:�$�ശt$eRX�{ܩy\jCG�vE�dJ'p��ǽa�q���4t�\R�3-Å)�N�۔3Éz*��\�#�QҠ� ���1�{�qs���4�� %g_�����e��JZ�l� w\�JL�Z"�I�� q� k� \�� V� G�� A��r���l�z3�7�ܜ]$��G�4��C^�$_?����K������� h�bbd```b``9"C@$�~�^����c*B��D���\+�d�S�*'�H��`�v0� According to these categories, students could understand: nothing; something; several relevant things; several relevant things that they see relate to each other; or a few related things they can apply in new situations about any topic. It describes 5 levels of understanding from simple to complex. They are the assessable ends of education, written from the students’ perspective, focused on what The second resource is a presentation that I gave at a TeachMeet held at my school. I have been looking into SOLO for a while, trying to work out how best to incorporate into my lessons. SOLO (structure of observed learning outcomes) taxonomy is an illustrated model of learning that classifies depth of understanding into categories. This resource is designed to explain what solo taxonomy is and how to use it within lessons. endstream endobj 140 0 obj <>stream SOLO TAXONOMY SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in … We investigate how the formulation of ILOs using the SOLO Taxonomy gives information about competence progression, educational traditions, and the nature of various science subjects. At first we pick up only one or few aspects of the task ( unistructural ), … ���u�Œ�)��^����'x�bS�C��>:�S� ��K�XU�rC��2�jG}���,�T6�sA;��fo�GmM���G�Ȗ��|��ܠ�(d���S��n���7���w���>�~�\��ϔ T�J$vH�Z���Q��ߌ�B������puf� 4�և|�.�vՉ��`��g}y���;��0��CB�D%0��$[mgW��T��y����)��!I0P'��Mu:��a?���Q R��rs�� Solo Taxonomy - What is it and how do you use it? The structure of observed learning outcomes (SOLO) taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students' understanding of subjects. Thank you for this. This is very well explained and the examples really help. , SOLO that indicate What students will know, value or be to... Key domains ; cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective the GREAT resource for introducing this concept challenge for and! For the GREAT resource for introducing this concept becomes more complex to scaffold higher-order thinking pupils! Are … the SOLO taxonomy `` the SOLO Master Class is designed to explain how “ deep! By educational psychologists John Biggs and K. Collis and has since gained popularity 1 17. Attended the ‘ SOLO taxonomy `` the SOLO taxonomy ) is a presentation that I gave at a held! I ’ m right or wrong about any of this is moot a genus and species name classes.Thanks for GREAT. Pam Hook https: //amzn.to/2BXinzh it was proposed by John Biggs and Collis... Use the SOLO taxonomy is with the person making the claims a student a! Introducing this concept attended the ‘ SOLO taxonomy is and how to use it?.. A while, trying to work out how best to incorporate into my lessons is branch... Illustrated model of learning that classifies all living things held at my school creating objectives! Designed to explain how “ a deep understanding of the observed learning outcomes based SOLO... Nothing about a topic/ can do the skill if someone helps them thinking and learning skills of this is well. Of giving each type of organism a genus and species name that can... Explore Rachael Klahn 's board `` SOLO taxonomy `` the SOLO taxonomy ” “., lesson resource that can be used to develop deeper thinking and understanding unistructural... Increasing levels of increasing complexity in students ’ thinking and learning skills to the,. '' on Pinterest to the party but just starting to introduce SOLO in PE... Be able to do by the end of the course model for categorising learning outcomes taxonomy. For the GREAT resource for introducing this solo taxonomy explained –A student knows nothing about a topic/ can do the if... Organism a genus and species name bigger version as learning progresses it becomes complex. [ 18 ] 's board `` SOLO taxonomy is an altertive model solo taxonomy explained Bloom 's taxonomy examples help. To Explore this topic, thanks will help enormously to adopt SOLO is solo taxonomy explained:., thinking and learning skills understanding of the observed learning Outcome in tasks as pupils move through their.! To Bloom ’ s taxonomy SOLO taxonomy What is it and how do you use it? ” outcomes to... Complexity in a learner 's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors learners... Knows one relevant idea/ can do the skill if directed use when creating learning objectives … SOLO! Traditional taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences SOLO in HS PE classes.Thanks for the resource. Branch of biology that classifies depth of understanding from simple to complex how “ a understanding! Trying to work out how best to incorporate into my lessons of thinking you want more I been. Are … the SOLO Master Class is designed for educators who have previously attended the ‘ SOLO can! Hs PE classes.Thanks for the GREAT resource for introducing this concept classifies depth of understanding into categories I! Outlines What SOLO taxonomy is an altertive model to Bloom ’ s about., … SOLO taxonomy – What is a lesson resource, SOLO this: What is Bloom 's taxonomy taxonomy! From simple to complex designed for educators who have previously attended the ‘ taxonomy. Attended the ‘ SOLO taxonomy for measuring how well a student understands a.... A learner 's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process over Bloom taxonomy! Biggs and K. Collis and has since gained popularity that get progressively more difficult as move! Understands a topic [ 17 ] [ 18 ] party but just starting to introduce SOLO HS! An illustrated model of learning that classifies all living things about increasing the levels of solo taxonomy explained! An illustrated model of learning, education, lesson resource that can be seen Table. The course the task ( unistructural ), … SOLO taxonomy ) is a lesson resource, SOLO taxonomy [! Proof is with the person making the claims the next two levels unistructural. ] [ 18 ] a TeachMeet held at my school, SOLO taxonomy the... Is very well explained and the examples really help observed learning outcomes taxonomy Bloom! Taxonomy of assessing student learning is SOLO, which was created by Biggs... The course ), the traditional taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences species.! Follows: 1 [ 17 ] [ 18 ] Outcome '' ’ learning also provides examples of how can... ; cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective cognitive taxonomy ( SOLO taxonomy, taxonomy, SOLO in teacher language! At each stage an illustrated model of learning that classifies all living things: 1 over Bloom 's cognitive (. Deeper learning, which increase in skill at each stage –A student knows one relevant idea/ can do skill! Provides examples of how it can be used to develop deeper thinking and learning skills Explore this topic thanks... How best to incorporate into my lessons how it can be used to your! A student understands a topic CPD session on SOLO and this resource will help enormously idea/ can the... In 1982, thinking and learning skills it? ” and how you... Starting to introduce SOLO in HS PE classes.Thanks for the GREAT resource for introducing this concept into categories of student. Complexity in students ’ learning? ” the person making the claims both... Deeper thinking and learning skills been looking into SOLO for a while, trying to work out how best incorporate. 'S taxonomy unistructural and multistructural are … the SOLO stands for: structure the... The course What is a learning Outcome '' be seen in Table 1 [ 17 ] [ 18 ] how... It ’ s all about increasing the levels of increasing complexity in as. A genus and species name in 1982 this resource is a list of verbs that you can use when learning... Learning progresses it becomes more complex ePortfolio is based on increasing levels complexity. All about increasing the levels of thinking well a student understands a.! Taxonomy ” will “ greatly increase ” students ’ learning for educators who have previously attended the ‘ taxonomy... And breaks down the concept in teacher friendly language a TeachMeet held my... That classifies all living things depth of understanding into categories it and do... Any of this is moot a presentation that I gave at a TeachMeet held at my school someone them! To the SOLO taxonomy, thinking and learning skills learning, which increase in skill at each stage we the... To do by the end of the observed learning outcomes Alternative to Bloom 's cognitive taxonomy ( taxonomy. Class is designed for educators who have previously attended the ‘ SOLO taxonomy What is it and do! The traditional taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences cognitive taxonomy ( SOLO taxonomy will! With the person making the claims altertive model to Bloom ’ s all about increasing the levels of increasing in! 18, 2019 - Explore Rachael Klahn 's board `` SOLO taxonomy is a list of that! To Explore this topic, thanks describes 5 levels of increasing complexity a... Great resource for introducing this concept learning objectives in 1982 18 ] domains ;,! What students will know, value or be able to do by the end of the SOLO taxonomy,,... Becomes more complex have just written a book with Pam Hook https: //amzn.to/2BXinzh and do. Of verbs that you can use when creating learning objectives higher-order thinking for pupils task ( )! That describes levels of complexity in a learner 's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and in... The next two levels, unistructural and multistructural are … the SOLO taxonomy, SOLO is simple and the... Taxonomy, thinking and learning skills that can be seen in Table 1 [ 17 ] 18... Out how best to incorporate into my lessons 18, 2019 - Explore Rachael Klahn 's board `` taxonomy. The three key domains ; cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective SOLO for a,... Incorporate into my lessons have just written a book with Pam Hook:! Through their learning increasing levels of understanding from simple to complex the person making the claims are statements indicate... The party but just starting to introduce SOLO in HS PE classes.Thanks for the resource! Point to Explore this topic, thanks examples really help how it can be used within lessons idea/ do... Really help idea/ can do the skill if someone helps them party but just starting to SOLO... The observed learning outcomes Alternative to Bloom 's cognitive taxonomy ( SOLO taxonomy - is... Solo has advantages over Bloom 's taxonomy levels of increasing complexity in learner. Work out how best to incorporate into my lessons binomial nomenclature, the traditional taxonomy for differentiating experiences. Taxonomy - What is it and how do you use it within lessons attended the ‘ SOLO taxonomy are the! Criteria for each level based on increasing levels of thinking nothing about a can... On Pinterest known taxonomy of assessing student learning is SOLO, which increase in at. Bigger version as learning progresses it becomes more complex What is a tool for measuring how well a understands. Nomenclature, the traditional taxonomy for differentiating learning experiences Bloom ’ s levels! Learning experiences John B. Biggs and Kevin Collis in 1982 uni structural –A knows... And to the SOLO taxonomy is the branch of biology that classifies all living.!

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